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Three Weeks

02.08.19

Question

Hi, I wanted to know more about how the three weeks holiday began. That is when did this tradition start, who started it, and are the rules rgarding it mandated by the Torah or were they mandated by the rabbis? Regards, Joseph Thanks

Answer

To the Questioner, 

1 - The three weeks or the time of "between the difficult dates", were origanlly noted in the time of the Destruction of the First Temple (Jewish year 3338) and were defined by the time when the outer wall of Jerusalem was broken on the 9 of Tamuz until the time when the enemy destroyed the Temple on the 9 of the month Av. They were reinforced again and could be called "the three weeks" specifically in the time of the Destruction of the Second Temple (Jewish year 3829) and were defined by the time when the outer wall of Jerusalem was broken on the 17 of Tamuz until the time when the enemy destroyed the Temple on the 9 of the month Av - which were a total of three weeks.

2- The rules regarding this time period are Rabbinic. 

May we hear of the reuilding of Jerusalem and the Holy Temple speedily in our days, Amen. 

Rav Nachum

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