10 Facts About the City of Hebron
י״ז במרחשון ה׳תש״פ (15 בNovember 2019)
1. Hebron is known as the City of Our Forefathers as it is the city in which our patriarchs and matriarchs were buried in the Cave of the Patriarchs, which Abraham purchased from Efron. It is one of the four Holy Cities, along with Jerusalem, Tiberias and Safed.
2. After the destruction of the first Temple, most of the Jews of Hebron were exiled and replaced by the Adumim. As a result, the area was referred to as Adomah during that time period.
3. At the end of the Second Temple Era, Herod built a magnificent structure that exists today on the Cave of the Patriarchs.
4. During the Biblical era, Hebron was one of the largest cities in Israel, and the capital of the kingdom of David in the early years of its reign.
5. Hebron is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East and in the world, and was inhabited almost continuously over the years.
6. Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, groups of Jewish settlers settled there from all over the land of Israel, including those who were exiled from Spain and other places, and Hebron became a Jewish center for learning.
7. At the beginning of the 19th century, a Jewish community affiliated with Chabad was established in Hebron.
8. At the end of the 19th century, the Jewish population peaked in Hebron, and by the early 20th century it had approximately 10,000 inhabitants.
9. Most of the old settlement was concentrated in Hebron and existed continuously until it was destroyed in the 1929 riots.
10. The Hebron settlement was restored later by survivors, but once the State of Israel was established they were forced to leave. However, after the establishment of the State of Israel, and then the Six-Day War, by which Hebron was conquered, the Jewish settlement in Hebron was reestablished in 1968.
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