Community Rabbis Ask

Are non-Jews commanded to be careful of seed?

11.12.17

Question

I visit many times in the University here in New york. In a recent class a student asked this question. 

Answer

To the questioner,
There is a difference of opinion among the Rishonim as to whether a nno-Jew is commanded to protect his seed. The opinion of Tosfot (Sanhedrin 59b, piece beginning v’ha) is that only one who is commanded in the positive commandment of “to be fruitful and multiply” is commanded to protect his seed. According to this a non-Jew who is not commanded with the commandment of “to be fruitful and multiply”, is also not commanded to protect his seed.
However, see the Mishna L’melech (Hilchot Melachim 10-7n piece beginning nachzor) who proved that there are Rishonim who are of the opinion that even a non-Jew is commanded not to destroy seed. See also Encyclopedia Talmudit part 10 (p. 135, piece beginning b’ben Noach).
Wishing you success.

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